The Eagle’s Nest
Hardly had the railway to Berchtesgaden been built towards the end of the 19th century than the number of visitors, tourists and day trippers was already rising rapidly. Not surprisingly, the Berchtesgadener Land is one of the most beautiful regions in Bavaria. The regular presence of the Royal Wittelsbach Family in Berchtesgaden Castle, the magnificent surroundings of the Watzmann mountain massif and the neighbouring Königssee were attractive crowd pullers then, as they are today.
But also Adolf Hitler discovered the beauty of this area when he came to Obersalzberg for the first time in 1923. Ten years later, the National Socialists claimed Obersalzberg as a “Fuehrer’s restricted area” for themselves, and almost all party leaders had their private homes there. Adolf Hitler himself inhabited the “Berghof”, a spacious estate which today can only be recognized by a few foundations in a forest. It is located very close to the Obersalzberg Documentation Center, which provides information about National Socialism and its relation to Obersalzberg in a detailed exhibition. Hitler spent a lot of time at the Berghof and at times the Berghof was called the “Second State Chancellery” after Berlin. It should not be forgotten, however, that it was from here that decisions on war strategies, on life and death and on the fates of entire peoples were made.
The Eagle’s Nest (Kehlsteinhaus), which is almost 900 metres higher, was a gift to Adolf Hitler for his 50th birthday and was completed in 1939. Unlike the Berghof, it has been preserved and has been run as a restaurant since 1952. A visit to the Eagle’s Nest is definitely worthwhile, because apart from the magnificent view, the ascent by bus with a 24% gradient is a tingling experience.
Convince yourself of the exclusivity of this tour and decide what you would like to do in addition to the described offer. In the following section you will find some possibilities.
If there is any time left…
- Lake Königsee is only a 15 minutes drive from Obersalzberg and offers a unique view of the mountain world of the Berchtesgadener Alps.
- Berchtesgaden – Visit of a picturesque town: short walk to the town centre, eating or shopping can be part of your programme.
- Berchtesgaden Salt Mine offers guided tours through the mine. A great experience and popular with young and old, duration 1.5 to 2 hours (incl. ticket purchase, changing and waiting time).
- Rossfeld-Höhenring Scenic Road is one of the most beautiful panoramic roads in Germany and leads through Austrian territory back to Bavaria. An indescribable view of the Austrian cities Hallein or Salzburg and on the Bavarian side over the Watzmann mountain massif to the city of Berchtesgaden!
The Eagle’s Nest – down south in Bavaria
Here we have summarized all important information for you