For centuries the city of Nuremberg had the special status of “immediate free imperial city“, i.e. it was directly subordinate to the respective emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. This special status lasted until 1806, when Nuremberg was incorporated into the new Kingdom of Bavaria. Before this, famous personalities such as Emperor Frederick II.Barbarossa had stopped here several times and lived in the city’s current landmark: the Nuremberg Imperial Castle, which still is towering majestically over the Old Town and at the same time forms part of the almost completely preserved city wall.
The city played an incredibly special role in National Socialism: it was one of the five so-called “Führer cities” of Adolf Hitler, who awarded Nuremberg the honorary title of “City of the Reich Party Rallies“.
The awarding of the title was followed by deeds: in the south of the city the “Reichsparteitagsgelände” (Party Rally Grounds) with an area of around 17 square kilometres was built. Only a few of the planned monumental buildings were completed, most notably the Congress Hall, which was built in the style of the Roman Colosseum. Furthermore, huge areas were planned as parade grounds and with the “German Stadium” the world’s largest stadium for 405,000 spectators was to be built here. Today the area serves as a place for events, but also as a place of learning and remembrance. The monumental Congress Hall is now home to the Documentation Center Nuremberg Party Rally Grounds.
Until war-destruction, Nuremberg was the largest of the German cities with an almost completely unchanged medieval city centre. By the end of the war however, up to 90% of the city center had been destroyed, but during reconstruction the highest priority was given to restoring the most important historical buildings. As a result, Nuremberg’s inner city today presents itself with a successful architectural face.
Nuremberg invites you to get to know this self-confident, charming and historic city. Either to enjoy the medieval cityscape, to go on a historical search for traces or just to have a taste of the famous Nuremberg bratwurst. Visit the city of Albrecht Dürer, the place where the Nuremberg Trials took place, and walk along the “Historical Mile“, which includes the most important sights in Nuremberg’s Old Town.
If there is any time left…
The city of Nuremberg is offering everything to spend an interesting day in this Franconian metropolis. In case of some time being left to spend and if you are feeling curious enough for a shopping spree of the special kind, let’s make a stop at Ingolstadt Village on our way back to Munich.
- Ingolstadt Village is a factory outlet of 110 upmarket brands. The village itself has been designed in a striking historic district setting, with the result that it’s not only impressing by its shopping possibilities, but also by its atmosphere.
Nuremberg – the Franconian Metropolis
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