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Tour about Jewish Life in Munich


The hard way into a fragile presence

In 1803, Johann Christoph Freiherr von Aretin published probably the first ever comprehensive work on the history of the Jews in Bavaria: “Geschichte der Juden in Baiern” (History of the Jews in Bavaria). Additionally, the author noted:

„The first historical news we have of the existence of the Jews in Bavaria are at the same time the first news of their mistreatment.“

Actually, the history of the Jews in Munich is determined by cruel actions against the community of Jewish populations. As in the rest of the Holy Roman Empire, the Jews in medieval Munich suffered inhuman pogroms: the Jews became “scapegoats” for everything that seemed inexplicable: whether for the thesis of “ritual murders” or for the plague epidemics of the 14th century.

Expulsion and regulated return

1442 was the year of the final expulsion of the Jews from Munich and for almost 300 years there was practically no Jewish life in Munich. Only in 1763 did Jews return to the electoral court under strict conditions as so-called “court Jews” and became the bankers of the lavish Wittelsbach rulers.

1813 heralded a new age with the “Juden-Edikt” and the Kingdom of Bavaria opened up to Jewish citizens, but under the strictest immigration controls. Jews yes, but in manageable numbers and always regulated. Only after the fall of this regulation in 1861 there was an increased immigration of Jews to Munich. Jewish culture flourished and the community grew in such a way that the desire for a larger synagogue became louder. With the opening of the Old Main Synagogue on Herzog-Max-Strasse, Jews seemed to have arrived in the center of society. What a deceptive security!

Darkest years and the hard way back

All this was destroyed by the National Socialists with their almost pathological idea of a “Jewish world conspiracy“. After years of harassment and deprivation, the Reichspogromnacht marked a turning point in terms of violence against Jews. A silent German population watched the events largely unmoved, and now everything seemed possible for the Nazis. For Munich’s Jews, their inhumanity climaxed in the deportations beginning in November 1941 and the subsequent Holocaust.

The end of National Socialism allowed new Jewish life to emerge, albeit very slowly. Long was the road from the first institutions in Möhlstraße in the post-war period to the successful buildings of the Israelite religious community at St.-Jakobs-Platz with its all-dominating synagogue Ohel Jakob.

Come with us on a walk through centuries of changeful history in Jewish Munich.

  • What does "Private Tour" mean?
    Every tour at YourMunichTour is your very private tour. That means we are your guide for your private tour, for you and your guests only and of course at the desired date. You determine the program You determine your desired date, the desired start time and the duration You decide how big your group will be You determine the start and end point whenever possible
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    Yes Many of the most frequently asked questions become superfluous by reading the tours described.
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    Besides German, most tours are also offered in English. Furthermore, other languages such as French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch and Swedish on request. If you call up the description of a tour, you will find our offered languages on the right side under "tour details" and "available in these languages". Some tours are deliberately offered only in German, because here is explicitly played with the language or because topics refer in particular to local audiences. You would still like to have a guided tour in your language? Feel free to ask us!
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  • I am a company and would like to transfer the bill for my guests / group instead of paying cash. Is that possible?
    Yes During the booking process you will be asked for your payment preferences. In this case, select "Payment by invoice".


tour details

from 220,00 €

up to 120 Min.

Max. 20 guests

ca. 2,5 km

Karlsplatz / Stachus at the Karlstor gate

Available in these languages:

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